Czech Republic - NPM Reports and Recommendations

Opcat status

OPCAT Ratification July 10, 2006
UNCAT Ratification February 22, 1993
NPM Designated

Public Defender of Rights

NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Law on Public Defender of Rights

Visits Reports

Following a visit to a place of detention, a report is drafted on the main findings and includes recommendations for any remedial measures. The visit report is sent to the head of facility visited. The detaining authorities are called to respond within the stipulated deadline to the report, including the recommendations and proposals for change. In case of non-cooperation, the Public Defender may take some sanctions, namely notifying the hierarchy, the governement or alternatively, making the report public. Since 2016, all visits reports are published online. In the previous years, only summary reports were released to the public.

In additional to visit reports, the Public Defender also drafts thematic reports that contain general observations from all the visited facilities of a similar type. Below are some examples of such reports:

Report on visits to prisons (2016)

Report on retirement and special regime homes (2015)

Report on residential facilities providing care without authorisation (2015)


Annual Reports

In 2014, for the first time the Public Defender published a separate report on the activities carried out under the NPM mandate. In the previous years, a specific chapter was included in the Public Defender of Rights' annual report.

Annual Report 2015

Annual Report 2014

Annual Report 2013

Annual Report 2012

Annual Report 2011

Annual Report 2010