New Zealand - Reports and Recommendations

Opcat status

OPCAT Ratification March 14, 2007
UNCAT Ratification December 10, 1989
NPM Designated

5 different bodies coordinated by the Human Rights Commission (central NPM), and including the Office of the Ombudsman, the Independent Police Conduct Authority, the Office of the Children’s Commissioner and the Inspector of Service Penal Establishments of the Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Armed Forces.

NPM Type

Multiple Institutions

NPM Legal Framework

Crime of Torture Amendment Bill and its section on torture prevention (Part 2 of the consolidated version of the Crimes of Torture Act Torture prevention section)

Visits Reports

Each institution writes its own visit report following a visit to a place of detention.

Visit reports are shared with the relevant authorities. Depending on the institution, those reports may not be made public and shared with the Central NPM or other institutions comprising the New Zealand NPM. For instance, the APT is aware that the Office of the Ombudsmen has the practice of not publishing and sharing with external institutions its reports: therefore, they apply the same practice while carrying out the NPM tasks.

  • Independent Police Conduct Authority

Every NPM visit is followed by an official inspection report, which includes recommendations and timelines for implementation and review.

A separate domain was established within the IPCA’s database, which acts as an information forum in which cell visit inspection reports are stored. This domain facilitates the follow-up of recommendations and the identification of trends.

  • Children's Commissioner

Comprehensive reports on juvenile residences are completed after each visit.
The Children's Commissioner refers reports and findings to the Chief Ombudsman for input, including recommendations they wish to make.

  • Office of the Ombudsman

The Ombudsman makes recommendations only when remedial action is required. The Ombudsman records also “housekeeping points” and “good practices”, the former being instances where action is desirable but not essential. 

Thematic Reports

Thematic reports are also compiled by the New Zealand NPM. A Joint Thematic Review of Young Persons in Police Detention was launched in October 2012, in cooperation with the Office of the Children’s Commissioner and the Human Rights Commission.  

In 2017, the Ombuds Institution published a thematic report on the use of restraints on prisoners at risk of suicide and self harm.

Annual Reports

The New Zealand Human Rights Commission publishes annual reports on NPM-related work, on behalf of all five institutions comprising the NPM. The annual report is more of an informative nature rather than a comprehensive analysis of issues which need to be addressed.

NPM report 2014-2015

NPM report 2013-2014

NPM report 2012-2013

NPM report 2011-2012

NPM report 2010-2011

In addition, all bodies which comprise the NPM report on OPCAT-related work in their respective reports, which all come out at the same time.