Keywords: Ombuds Institution
Decentralised unit within Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría de los Habitantes)
Costa Rica was the second State to sign the OPCAT on 4 February 2003,followed by ratification on 1 December 2005. Costa Rica has historically been behind the OPCAT. It presented the first proposal for an Optional Protocol to the UN in 1980 and then again in 1991, eventually presiding over the Working Group established to negotiate the text during most of its ten-year existence.
Costa Rica ratified the OPCAT in 2005 and designated its Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoria de los Habitantes) as NPM in 2007 by Presidential Decree. In February 2014, the NPM mandate was enshrined in law, through the adoption of the NPM Law N° 9204, published in the official Gazette N° 42 of 28 February 2014. In July 2015, a decree was adopted to regulate the NPM Law.
The Ombudsperson's Office established a separate NPM Unit, currently composed of one Director and two staff. The NPM started its operations in
The SPT member who is the SPT Focal Point for Costa Rica is available here.