National System to Prevent Torture, comprising:
National Preventive System in Federal State
National System to Prevent Torture legislation (Law n° 26.827, published on 11 January 2013) - Spanish version
National System to Prevent Torture regulating Decree 465/2014 (9 April 2014) - Spanish version
Chaco: Provincial Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Ill-treatment
City of Buenos Aires: Committee for the Prevention of Torture
Mendoza: Provincial Commission for the Prevention of Torture and Ill-treatment
Misiones: Provincial Commission for the Prevention of Torture
Rio Negro: Committee of Evaluation of Follow-up and Implementation of the CAT
Salta: Provincial Commission for the Prevention of Torture and Ill-Treatment
Tucuman: Commission for the Prevention of Torture and Ill-treatment
All designated LPMs are New Specialised Institutions
City of Buenos Aires: Law n° 5787 (13 February 2017)
Misiones: Law IV - N°65 (28 August 2014)
Argentina was the first State in Latin America to ratify the OPCAT in 2004. The national legislation establishing a national system of prevention was approved in November 2012 and came into force in January 2013. The Decree regulating the NPM law was issued in April 2014. However, the NPM was established only in December 2017, when the 13 NPM members were finally selected.
At the provincial level, eight provinces have adopted laws to create local preventive mechanisms. These are: Chaco, City of Buenos Aires, Corrientes, Mendoza, Misiones, Río Negro, Salta and Tucumán. Six of them are operational: Chaco, Corrientes, Mendoza, Misiones, Río Negro and Salta.
Other provinces are in the process of debating such laws: Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chubut, Córdoba, Entre Ríos, Formosa, La Rioja, Neuquén, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, San Luis, Santiago del Estero and Tierra del Fuego).
The SPT visited Argentina in April 2012. Both the SPT visit report and the State's reply have been made public.
The SPT member Emilio Ginés Santidrian is the SPT Focal Point for Argentina.