Keywords: SPT In-Country Visits
National System to Prevent Torture, comprising:
National Preventive System in Federal State
National System to Prevent Torture legislation (Law n° 26.827, published on 11 January 2013) - Spanish version
National System to Prevent Torture regulating Decree 465/2014 (9 April 2014) - Spanish version
Chaco: Provincial Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Ill-treatment
Mendoza: Provincial Commission for the Prevention of Torture and Ill-treatment
Misiones: Provincial Commission for the Prevention of Torture
Rio Negro: Committee of Evaluation of Follow-up and Implementation of the CAT
Salta: Provincial Commission for the Prevention of Torture and Ill-Treatment
Tucuman: Commission for the Prevention of Torture and Ill-treatment
All designated LPMs are New Specialised Institutions
Argentina was the first State in Latin America to ratify the OPCAT in 2004. The national legislation establishing a national system of prevention was approved in November 2012 and came into force in January 2013. The Decree regulating the NPM law was issued in April 2014 and the selection process of the members of the National Committee to Prevent Torture is still pending.
OPCAT implementation has already started at the provincial level: seven provinces have adopted laws to create local preventive mechanisms. These are: Chaco, Corrientes, Mendoza, Misiones, Río Negro, Salta and Tucumán. Five of them are operational: Chaco, Corrientes, Mendoza, Río Negro and Salta.
Other provinces are in the process of debating such laws: Chubut, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Formosa, Neuquén, Córdoba, La Pampa, Jujuy, San Luis, Tierra del Fuego, Buenos Aires, Entre Ríos, Catamarca, La Rioja and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.
In July 2014, a new Unit on the implementation process of the OPCAT was established within the Secretariat of Human Rights, with the objective to:
- Promote the establishment of the National System
- Strengthen existing Local Preventive Mechanisms established at the provincial level
- Provide technical assistance and support to the provinces where a process towards the creation of a Local Preventive Mechanism is ongoing
The SPT visited Argentina in April 2012. Both the SPT visit report and the State's reply have been made public.
The SPT member Emilio Ginés Santidrian is the SPT Focal Point for Argentina.