Switzerland - OPCAT Situation

Opcat status

OPCAT Ratification September 24, 2009
UNCAT Ratification December 2, 1986
SPT Member Mr. Daniel Fink
NPM Designated

National Commission for the Prevention of Torture (Commission nationale pour la prévention de la torture)

NPM Type

New Specialised Institution

NPM Legal Framework

OPCAT Implementation and Ratification Law (20 March 2009), only available in French

Even though Switzerland signed the OPCAT in 2004, the ratification and implementation law was adopted by the Parliament five years later, following consultations with local entities on the structure of the future NPM.

Switzerland decided to establish a new body, through the means of legislation: the National Commission for the Prevention of Torture. The following arguments were decisive in that decision:
- Existence of cantonal support

- Greater efficiency

- Reduced costs

- Attainment of uniform standards/law, and

- Speedier procedure towards ratification.

It is composed of 12 members, who are not working full-time, and is assisted by a Secretariat.

The SPT member who is the SPT Focal Point for Switzerland is available here.