Spain - OPCAT Situation

Opcat status

OPCAT Ratification April 4, 2006
UNCAT Ratification October 21, 1987
SPT Member Ms. Carmen Comas-Mata Mira
NPM Designated

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Organic Law N°1/2009 (3 November 2009), Final Disposition designating the Ombudsperson's Office as NPM.

Spain ratified the OPCAT in 2006. Three years later the Ombudsperson’s Office was designated as NPM, through a reform of the organic law 3/1081 of the Ombudsperson’s Office. This followed debate where several NPM options were initially discussed.

A specific NPM unit was established within the institution to perform the NPM function and an Advisory Council was established in 2013.

The SPT member who is the SPT Focal Point for Spain is available here.