Spain - OPCAT Situation

Opcat status

OPCAT Ratification April 4, 2006
UNCAT Ratification October 21, 1987
SPT Member Mr Emilio Ginés Santidrian (2009-2014;2015-2018)
NPM Designated

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Organic Law N°1/2009 (3 November 2009), Final Disposition designating the Ombudsperson's Office as NPM.

Spain ratified the OPCAT in 2006. Three years later the Ombudsperson’s Office was designated as NPM, through a reform of the organic law 3/1081 of the Ombudsperson’s Office.

A specific NPM unit was established within the institution to perform the NPM function and an Advisory Council was established in 2013.

The SPT member Abdellah Ounnir is the SPT Focal Point for Spain.

  • Information

    Population 48 146 134
    Area (sq km) 505 370
    Number of prisons 82
    Prison population 65 581
    Federal Structure Spain is not a federal State but has a significantly decentralised structure. Spain is divided into 17 autonomous communities and 2 autonomous cities.