Philippines - OPCAT Situation

Opcat status

OPCAT Ratification April 17, 2012
OPCAT Ratification comment

Ratification with a declaration under Article 24 (Part III related to the SPT's mandate)

UNCAT Ratification June 18, 1986
SPT Member Ms June Caridad Pagaduan Lopez (2013-2016; 2017-2020)
NPM Designated

Under Consideration

The Philippines acceded to the OPCAT in 2012 with a declaration under Article 24 of the OPCAT, becoming the first country to postpone the implementation of Part III of the OPCAT, related to the in-country visits of the SPT.

Discussion on the designation of the NPM is ongoing since 2008. Several options are being considered, including designating the National Human Rights Commission as NPM or giving it a specific role under the OPCAT. The Philippines received a number of recommendations during its UPR in July 2017 calling on the State to establish the NPM and strengthen its efforts towards torture prevention. The Philippines noted this recommendations, but did not commit to taking further steps in this regard.

The SPT visited the Philippines from 25 May to 3 June 2015. The report has not been made public yet. In addition to this, the SPT included the Philippines on a list of countries that have not complied with Art. 17 of the OPCAT which refers to the obligation to maintain, designate or establish an independent NPM. This list was presented before the General Assembly in Setember 2017.

The SPT member Marija Definis-Gojanovic is the SPT Focal Point for the Philippines.