Montenegro - OPCAT Situation

Opcat status

OPCAT Ratification March 6, 2009
OPCAT Ratification comment

Rafitication with a declaration under Article 24 of the OPCAT, Part III, NPM Designation

UNCAT Ratification October 23, 2006
SPT Member Ms. Zdenka Perović
NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

OPCAT Ratification Law (17 December 2008) and Law on Ombudsman with amendments to include NPM mandate (Articles 24-26)

Montenegro ratified the OPCAT in 2009, with a declaration under Article 24 of the OPCAT postponing the establishment of an NPM for three years.

In 2011, the Protector on Human Rights and Freedom (Ombudsperson’s Office) was designated as Montenegro’s NPM, through amendments to the Law on the Ombudsperson’s Office. The NPM started to be operational in 2013.

The Montenegro's NPM is also part of the South-East Europe (SEE) NPMNetwork, established in March 2013. In addition to the Montenegro's NPM, the SEE Network  also includes the NPMs of Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia,Macedonia, Serbia and Slovenia.

The SPT member who is the SPT Focal Point for Montenegro is available here.