Austria - OPCAT Situation

Opcat status

OPCAT Ratification December 4, 2012
UNCAT Ratification July 29, 1987
NPM Designated

Austrian Ombudsman Board (Volksanwaltschaft)

NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Ombudsman Act (amended in January 2012)

OPCAT Implementation Act (OPCAT Durchführungsgesetz - Federal Law Gazette I No. 1/2012, 10 January 2012)


Austria ratified the OPCAT in December 2012.

Austria started to implement the OPCAT before ratifying. The Austrian Ombudsman Board was officially designated as NPM in January 2012, by means of a Federal Law (OPCAT Implementation Act), which includes a reform to the legislation of the Ombuds Institution. The Austrian Ombudsman Board assumed the NPM duties jointly with six regional monitoring Commissions. A Human Rights Advisory Council was also created to advise the overall NPM.

The Austrian NPM started its operations in July 2012.

The SPT member who is the SPT Focal Point for Austria is available here.

The Austrian NPM is also part of the South-East Europe (SEE) NPM Network,established in March 2013. In addition to the Austrian NPM, the SEE Network also includes the NPMs of Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Hungary, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, and Slovenia.The Austrian NPM is also part of a network of German-speaking NPMs,together with the Swiss and the German NPMs.

Keywords: Ombuds Institution