Lebanon - OPCAT Situation

Opcat status

OPCAT Ratification December 22, 2008
UNCAT Ratification October 5, 2000
NPM Designated

National Commission for Human Rights

NPM Type

National Human Rights Commission

NPM Legal Framework

NHRI-NPM Law n.62 of 27 October 2016 published in the official journal n.52 on 3 November 2016

Lebanon ratified the OPCAT in December 2008. Following consultations at the domestic level, it was decided to establish a new National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) to perform also the NPM mandate.

A draft NHRI legislation was introduced to the Parliament in January 2012, but a long political and legislative stalemate blocked the adoption. The Lebanese Parliament finally convened in October 2016 and adopted, on 19th October 2016, the law establishing a National Commission for Human Rights including a permanent committee for torture prevention.

In May 2018, the Cabinet designated the 10 members of the NHRI, including the permanent committee for the prevention of torture.

The Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture visited Lebanon in 2010. The report has not been made public yet. A response was sent by the authorities in February 2012, which is also confidential.

The SPT member Marija Definis-Gojanović is the SPT Focal Point for Lebanon.