Italy - OPCAT Situation

Opcat status

OPCAT Ratification April 3, 2013
UNCAT Ratification January 12, 1989
NPM Type

New Specialised Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Law N°10 of 21 February 2014 (Article 7) - Italian version

Law N° 208 of 28 December 2015 amending Article 7 of Law N°10 (21 February 2014) - Italian version

Implementing regulation N°36 (31 March 2015) - Italian version

Italy ratified the OPCAT in April 2013. In February 2014, Italy established by law a new specialised institution as the NPM, the National Authority (Garante nazionale) for the rights of persons detained or deprived of personal liberty, which coordinates the Local Authorities for the rights of persons deprived of liberty at regional and city levels. 

In March 2015, a specific regulation drafted by the Ministry of Justice to implement the law was published in the Official Gazette. The selection process of the three members of the National Authority for the rights of persons deprived of liberty was finalised in March 2016. The NPM started to be operational in March-April 2016.

The SPT carried out a visit to Italy from 16 to 22 September 2015. The visit report has been made public.

The SPT member who is the SPT Focal Point for Italy is available here.