Australia - OPCAT Situation

Opcat status

OPCAT Ratification December 21, 2017
OPCAT Ratification comment

Ratification with a declaration under Article 24 to postpone the implementation of its obligations under Part IV (NPM designation) of the OPCAT for three years.

UNCAT Ratification August 8, 1989

Australia signed the OPCAT in May 2009 but has not yet ratified the treaty. Ratification was recommended unanimously by the Federal Parliament in June 2012.

In February 2017, the Australian government announced its intention to ratify the OPCAT by December 2017.

Consultations are ongoing in the country on the structure of the future NPM.


  • Information

    Population 22 992 654
    Area (sq km) 7 741 220
    Number of prisons 111
    Prison population 39 152
    Federal Structure Australia is a Federal state divided into 6 states and 2 territories