Estonia - OPCAT Situation

Opcat status

OPCAT Ratification December 18, 2006
UNCAT Ratification October 21, 1991
SPT Member Ms Mari Amos (2011-2018)
NPM Designated

Chancellor of Justice

NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Chancellor of Justice Act (as amended in 2007)

Estonia was the first county of the former Soviet Union to sign the OPCAT in September 2004. Estonia ratified the OPCAT in 2006 and designated its Ombudsperson's Office (Office of the Chancellor of Justice) as NPM. The Chancellor of Justice started its operations as NPM in 2007.

In addition to its NPM mandate, the Chancellor of Justice is also performing the duties of Ombudsman and Constitutional Review.

Both the Committee against Torture (2007) and the Human Rights Committee (2010) expressed concerns regarding the compliance of the Chancellor of Justice with the Paris Principles.

The SPT member who is the SPT Focal Point for Estonia is available here.

Keywords: Ombuds Institution