Armenia - OPCAT Situation

Opcat status

OPCAT Ratification September 14, 2006
UNCAT Ratification September 13, 1993
SPT Member Mr Arman Danielyan (2011-2018)
NPM Designated

Human Rights Defender

NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Article 6(1), (Unofficial translation), Amendment to the Law on the Human Rights Defender's Office, (8 April 2008);

Resolution of the National Assembly ratifying the OPCAT (Unoffficial translation)


Armenia ratified the OPCAT in September 2006 and designated its Ombuds Institution (Human Rights Defender's Office) in 2008, through an amendment to the legislation establishing the Ombuds Institution.

The Armenian NPM started its operations shortly after designation and established an Expert Council for the Prevention of Torture with independent experts, including representatives from civil society organisations. In 2011, a new department was established within the Ombuds Institution to carry out the NPM functions.

After the new Constitution of the Republic of Armenia was adopted in December 2015, a constitutional law on the Human Rights Defender was drafted, also clarifying the mandate of the Ombuds Institution as NPM. The draft law is currently being considered by the Parliament.

The SPT conducted an NPM advisory visit to Armenia in September 2013. The SPT reports to the State and to the NPM have been made public, as well as the replies from the State and the NPM.

The SPT member Victor Zaharia is the SPT Focal Point for Armenia.