Nicaragua - NPM Designation

Opcat status

OPCAT Ratification February 25, 2009
UNCAT Ratification July 5, 2005
NPM Designated

Ombudsperson's Office (Procuraduría para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos)

NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Presidential Agreement N° 04-2012 (16 January 2012)

Founding legislation of the Ombudsperson's Office (December 1995)

NPM Designated

On 16 January 2012, the Ombudsperson’s Office (Procuraduría para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos) was designated as NPM through the presidential agreement N° 04-2012, which was published in the Official Gazette on 18 January 2012.

Process

2008-2012

During its visit to Nicaragua, the APT was informed that the Ombudsperson’s Office was willing to assume the NPM mandate, and had made such a request to the President of the Republic.

Additionally, the Foreign Affairs Commission of the National Assembly, in its written opinion, stated that the designation of a National Preventive Mechanism under the OPCAT would not represent any additional costs for the State, as the NPM would work on a collegial and inter-institutional basis, with the collaboration of independent human rights organisations.

Furthermore, in its report to the Committee against Torture examined in May 2009, Nicaragua stated that no legal reform was necessary for the designation of its NPM, as the Ombudsperson’s Office had already the mandate of inspecting places of detention.

On 16 January 2012, the Ombudsperson’s Office was designated as NPM through the presidential agreement N° 04-2012.