Czech Republic - NPM Designation

Opcat status

OPCAT Ratification July 10, 2006
UNCAT Ratification February 22, 1993
NPM Designated

Public Defender of Rights

NPM Type

Ombuds Institution

NPM Legal Framework

Law on Public Defender of Rights

NPM Designated

The Czech Republic designated the Public Defender of Rights (Ombuds Institution) as NPM in January 2006. To make the institution compliant with the OPCAT requirements, amendments were brought to the Law on the Czech Public Defender of Rights (Act n° 381/2005 amending the Ombudsman Act from 01 January 2006).


2003 - 2006

Following a two-year legislative process started in 2003, in September 2005 the founding legislation of the Ombuds Institution, the Public Defender of Rights, was amended to expand the mandate of the institution, in view of its designation as National Preventive Mechanism under the OPCAT. The amendments were published in the Official Gazette in September 2005 and entered into force in January 2006. The institution was reportedly chosen as the NPM owing to its institutional and financial independence, previous experience in monitoring places of detention and its authority within Czech society.


On 1 January 2011, the Defender’s mandate was extended to include a new field of competence to monitor the forced-return system (in accordance with the “Returns Directive” of the European Parliament and the Council).