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Global Status

Global Status of ratifications, signatures and NPM designations Optional Protocol to the UN Convention against Torture
83 States Parties, of which 65 have designated their NPM
16 States Signatories

Africa


18 States Parties Date of ratification 7 NPMs designated
Benin September 20, 2006

Under Consideration

Burkina Faso July 7, 2010

National Observer for the Prevention of Torture

Burundi October 18, 2013

Under consideration

Cape Verde April 1, 2016  
Central African Republic October 11, 2016  
Congo, Democratic Republic of September 23, 2010

Under Consideration

Gabon September 22, 2010

Under Consideration

Ghana September 23, 2016

Under consideration

Liberia September 22, 2004

Under Consideration

Mali May 12, 2005

National Human Rights Commission (Commission Nationale des Droits de l’Homme)

Mauritius June 21, 2005

National Human Rights Commission

Mozambique July 1, 2014

National Human Rights Commission (Comissão dos Direitos Humanos)

Niger November 7, 2014  
Nigeria July 27, 2009

National Committee on Torture

Rwanda June 30, 2015

Under consideration

Senegal October 18, 2006

National Observer of Places of Deprivation of Liberty

South Sudan April 30, 2015  
Togo July 20, 2010

National Human Rights Commission (Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme)

Americas


15 States Parties Date of ratification 14 NPMs designated
Argentina November 15, 2004

National System to Prevent Torture, comprising:

  • National Committee for the Prevention of Torture (composed of 13 members, including the Ombudsperson for Federal Prisons (Procurador Penitenciario de la Nación);
  • a Federal Council of Local Preventive Mechanisms;
  • Local preventive mechanisms (to be designated) in each of the 24 provinces;
  • and public institutions and NGOs interested in the compliance of the OPCAT’s goals.
Belize September 4, 2015  
Bolivia May 23, 2006

Service for the Prevention of Torture

Brazil January 12, 2007

National System to Prevent and Combat Torture

Chile December 12, 2008

National Human Rights Institute (Instituto Nacional de Derechos Humanos)

Costa Rica December 1, 2005

Decentralised unit within Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría de los Habitantes)

Ecuador July 20, 2010

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Guatemala June 9, 2008

National Office to Prevent Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment

Honduras May 23, 2006

National Committee for the Prevention Against Torture (CONAPREV)

Mexico April 11, 2005

National Human Rights Commission (Tercera Visitaduría)

Nicaragua February 25, 2009

Ombudsperson's Office (Procuraduría para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos)

Panama June 2, 2011

Ombuds Institution

Paraguay December 2, 2005

National Preventive Mechanism against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhumane or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

Peru September 14, 2006

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Uruguay December 8, 2005

National Human Rights Institution and Ombuds Institution (Institución Nacional de Derechos Humanos y Defensoría del Pueblo)

 

Asia Pacific


6 States Parties Date of ratification 3 NPMs designated
Cambodia March 30, 2007

Inter-governmental committee

Maldives February 15, 2006

National Human Rights Commission

Mongolia February 12, 2015

Under consideration

Nauru January 24, 2013

Under Consideration

New Zealand March 14, 2007

5 different bodies coordinated by the Human Rights Commission (central NPM), and including the Office of the Ombudsman, the Independent Police Conduct Authority, the Office of the Children’s Commissioner and the Inspector of Service Penal Establishments of the Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Armed Forces.

Philippines April 17, 2012

Under Consideration

Europe & Central Asia


40 States Parties Date of ratification 39 NPMs designated
Albania October 1, 2003

People's Advocate (Avokati i Popullit)

Armenia September 14, 2006

Human Rights Defender

Austria December 4, 2012

Austrian Ombudsman Board (Volksanwaltschaft)

Azerbaijan January 28, 2009

Commissioner for Human Rights

Bosnia and Herzegovina October 24, 2008

Under Consideration

Bulgaria June 1, 2011

Ombudsman of the Republic of Bulgaria

Croatia April 25, 2005

Ombudswoman, in cooperation with representatives of the academic community and human rights NGOs

Cyprus April 29, 2009

Commissioner for Administration and Human Rights

Czech Republic July 10, 2006

Public Defender of Rights

Denmark June 25, 2004

Danish Parliamentary Ombudsman, in collaboration with DIGNITY (NGO) and the Danish Institute for Human Rights (National Human Rights Institution)

Estonia December 18, 2006

Chancellor of Justice

Finland October 8, 2014

Parliamentary Ombudsperson's Office

France November 11, 2008

General Controller of Places of Deprivation of Liberty (Contrôleur général des lieux de privation de liberté)

Georgia August 9, 2005

Public Defender

Germany December 4, 2008

National Agency for the Prevention of Torture, comprising:

- Federal Agency for the Prevention of Torture (Bundesstelle zur Verhütung von Folter); and

- Joint Commission of the Länder (Länderkommission zur Verhütung von Folter)

Greece February 11, 2014

Ombudsperson's Office

Hungary January 12, 2012

Commissioner for Fundamental Rights

Italy April 3, 2013

National Authority (Garante nazionale) for the rights of persons deprived of liberty

Kazakhstan October 22, 2008

Commissioner for Human Rights, in cooperation with public monitoring commissions and civil society

Kyrgyzstan December 29, 2008

National Center for the Prevention of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

Liechtenstein November 3, 2006

Corrections Commission (Vollzugskommission)

Lithuania January 20, 2014

Parliamentary Ombudsperson's Office (Seimas Ombudsmen's Office)

Luxembourg May 19, 2010

Ombudsperson's Office (Médiateure du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg)

Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of February 13, 2009

Ombudsperson's Office

Malta September 24, 2003

Two Boards:

- Board of Visitors for Detained Persons

- Board of Visitors of the Prisons

Moldova July 24, 2006

Council for the Prevention of Torture, composed of 7 members, including the Ombudsperson (Moldovan Centre for Human Rights), the Ombudsperson for children and 5 members proposed by the civil society.

Montenegro March 6, 2009

Protector of Human Rights and Freedoms

Netherlands September 28, 2010

4 bodies are designated as the NPM: the Inspectorate of Security and Justice (IVenJ), which also acts as coordinating body; the Health Care Inspectorate (IGZ); the Inspectorate for Youth Care (IJZ); and the Council for the Administration of Criminal Justice and Protection of Juveniles (RSJ).

Norway June 27, 2013

Parliamentary Ombudsman

Poland September 14, 2005

Commissioner for Human Rights

Portugal January 15, 2013

Ombudsperson's Office (Provedor de Justiça)

Romania July 2, 2009

The People's Advocate

Serbia September 26, 2006

Protector of Citizens, in cooperation with the ombudsperson's offices from the autonomous provinces and human rights associations

Slovenia January 23, 2007

Human Rights Ombudsman, in collaboration with NGOs (Slovenian Red Cross, Legal Information Center for NGOs, Primus Institute, Slovenian Federation of Pensioners' Organisations and Novi paradoks)

Spain April 4, 2006

Ombudsperson's Office (Defensoría del Pueblo)

Sweden September 14, 2005

Parliamentary Ombudsmen (Riksdagens Ombudsmän)

Switzerland September 24, 2009

National Commission for the Prevention of Torture (Commission nationale pour la prévention de la torture)

Turkey September 27, 2011

National Human Rights Institution

Ukraine September 19, 2006

Parliamentary Commissioner for Human Rights in collaboration with an Expert Council, human rights NGOs and individual monitors (website of public monitors).

United Kingdom December 10, 2003

21 bodies were designated as part of the UK NPM, coordinated by Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Prisons - Click for a complete list

Middle East & North Africa


4 States Parties Date of ratification 2 NPMs designated
Lebanon December 22, 2008

Under Consideration

Mauritania October 3, 2012

National Preventive Mechanism

Morocco November 24, 2014

Under consideration

Tunisia June 29, 2011

National Authority for the Prevention of Torture

 

16 States Signatories

Africa


10 States Signatories Date of signature
Angola September 24, 2013
Cameroon December 15, 2009
Chad September 26, 2012
Congo, Republic of September 29, 2008
Guinea September 16, 2005
Guinea-Bissau September 24, 2013
Madagascar September 24, 2003
Sierra Leone September 26, 2003
South Africa September 20, 2006
Zambia September 27, 2010

Americas


1 States Signatories Date of signature
Venezuela July 1, 2011

Asia Pacific


2 States Signatories Date of signature
Australia May 19, 2009
Timor-Leste September 16, 2005

Europe & Central Asia


3 States Signatories Date of signature
Belgium October 24, 2005
Iceland September 24, 2003
Ireland October 2, 2007

Middle East & North Africa


0 States Signatories Date of signature